“The probable cause of the accident was the non-adherence to standard operating procedures by the pilot flying,” says the report by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau, a division of the Ministry of Civil Aviation that probes aircraft accidents.
The pilot “continued an unstabilized approach and landed beyond the touchdown zone, halfway down the runway”, as a substitute of doing a “go around”, the company says within the 257-page report, printed after a year-long investigation.
A go-around is a regular process during which the pilot abandons a touchdown try deemed unsafe and tries once more.
In spite of being requested to go round by the pilot monitoring the touchdown, the pilot flying the plane failed to take action, the company stated, and the monitoring pilot additionally didn’t take over the controls and execute the order.
The plane had already made one failed try to land earlier than it overran the two,700-metre (8,900-foot) runway. The airport is called a table-top as a result of its runways have steep drops at one or each ends.
The crash on the airport in Kozhikode was India’s worst passenger plane accident since 2010, when one other Air India Express flight from Dubai overshot a table-top runway in Mangalore, a metropolis within the south, and slid down a hill, killing 158 folks.