(CNN) — The international hole in journey freedoms has by no means been wider, says the newest report by London-based international citizenship and residence advisory agency Henley & Partners.
It says that rising journey boundaries which have been launched over the previous 18 months of the Covid pandemic have resulted within the widest international mobility hole within the index’s 16-year historical past.
The index does not take short-term restrictions under consideration, so leaving precise present journey entry apart, holders of the passports on the prime of its rating — Japan and Singapore — are ready, in idea, to journey visa-free to 192 locations.
That’s 166 extra locations than Afghan nationals, who sit on the backside of the index of 199 passports, and might entry simply 26 nations with out requiring a visa upfront.
Further down the highest 10, the rankings stays nearly unchanged as we enter the ultimate quarter of 2021. South Korea is tied with Germany in second place (with a rating of 190) and Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain are all collectively in third place (with a rating of 189).
EU nations dominate the highest of the listing as traditional, with Austria and Denmark in fourth place and France, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden in fifth place.
New Zealand, which introduced this week that it was transferring away from its Covid-19 elimination technique in favor of a vaccine certificates system, is in sixth place alongside Belgium and Switzerland.
The United States and the United Kingdom, which held the highest spot collectively again in 2014, are actually extra modestly positioned within the rankings. They are at No. 7, alongside the Czech Republic, Greece, Malta and Norway, with visa-free or visa-on-demand entry to 185 locations.
Australia and Canada are in eighth place, Hungary is ninth, and Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia have collectively damaged into the No.10 spot, with a rating of 182.
Germany has the highest-ranking European passport.
Alex Grimm/Getty Images
The Henley & Partners report factors to “growing inequalities” and makes the suggestion that “restrictive policies initially introduced to contain the spread of Covid-19 are now being conveniently applied to contain mobility from the global south.”
Mehari Taddele Maru, a fellow on the United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies, feedback within the report that, “The global north has been enforcing aggressive migration containment strategies for some time now through the rigid application of border controls, undermining the movement of persons in various ways.
“Covid-19-associated journey restrictions are new additions to the toolbox of migration containment devices employed by the worldwide north to curb mobility from the worldwide south.”
Christian H. Kaelin, chair of Henley & Partners and creator of the passport index concept, says that these decisions could have far-reaching consequences.
“If we need to restart the worldwide financial system, it’s essential that developed nations encourage inward migration flows, versus persisting with outmoded restrictions,” he says. “Resourceful nations must futureproof their economies by attracting and welcoming the upcoming era.”
The best passports to hold in 2021 are:
1. Japan, Singapore (192 destinations)
2. Germany, South Korea (190)
3. Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain (189)
4. Austria, Denmark (188)
5. France, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden (187)
6. Belgium, New Zealand, Switzerland (186)
7. Czech Republic, Greece, Malta, Norway, United Kingdom, United States (185)
8. Australia, Canada (184)
9. Hungary (183)
10. Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia (182)
The worst passports to hold
Several countries around the world have visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to fewer than 40 countries. These include:
109. North Korea (39 destinations)
110. Nepal and Palestinian territories (37)
111. Somalia (34)
112. Yemen (33)
113. Pakistan (31)
114. Syria (29)
115. Iraq (28)
116. Afghanistan (26)
Henley & Partner’s list is one of several indexes created by financial firms to rank global passports according to the access they provide to their citizens.
The Henley Passport Index covers 227 travel destinations. It is updated in real time throughout the year, as and when visa policy changes come into effect.
Its late-2021 index has the United Arab Emirates in within the prime spot, with a visa-free/visa-on-arrival rating of 152.