HomeFinanceWhat Is a Cryptocurrency Exchange? A Beginner's Guide for 2022

What Is a Cryptocurrency Exchange? A Beginner’s Guide for 2022

At one time the idea of proudly owning digital cash in all probability sounded unusual and unattainable, however after the rise of recognition in cryptocurrency lately, many have chosen to personal and spend money on the sort of foreign money. If you’re inquisitive about cryptocurrency buying and selling for inexperienced persons, you is likely to be asking your self, “What is a cryptocurrency exchange?”

What Is a Cryptocurrency Exchange?

If you’re questioning the place to purchase cryptocurrency, utilizing a cryptocurrency alternate platform is probably going the place you’ll begin your funding journey. Cryptocurrency exchanges are on-line platforms used to purchase and promote cryptocurrency. These platforms are intermediaries between the customer and vendor, permitting customers to commerce cryptocurrencies utilizing fiat cash or altcoins.

Many buyers choose to make use of cryptocurrency exchanges attributable to their comparatively low buying and selling charges. However, take into account that some platforms won’t be beginner-friendly, tending to overwhelm customers, notably those that are usually not accustomed to buying and selling shares. For that cause, it’s necessary to grasp the variations between every alternate platform to seek out the one which works finest for you.


how cryptocurrency exchange work

Types of Cryptocurrency Exchanges

If you’re keen to purchase your first cryptocurrency, an necessary step earlier than doing so is to grasp the sorts of crypto exchanges:


Centralized crypto alternate is the commonest sort of alternate platform and makes use of a third occasion — a intermediary — to assist conduct transactions. The intermediary acts as a financial institution so folks belief them with their cash, and provide safety and monitoring. Some buyers discover this idea deceptive since cryptocurrencies are thought-about decentralized without having for a central authority.


Unlike centralized cryptocurrency exchanges, there isn’t a intermediary for decentralized exchanges — as a substitute, they use blockchain expertise or distributed ledgers. In this much less widespread sort of alternate, the foreign money isn’t held by a third occasion, and transactions are performed peer-to-peer utilizing good contracts.

Notable Crypto Exchanges

There are over 6,500 cryptocurrencies present immediately, which implies there may be a giant market for crypto exchanges, reaching over 300 platforms. Before selecting the very best cryptocurrency buying and selling platform based mostly in your wants, it’s necessary to do your personal analysis, since there are many choices obtainable. Here are some really helpful crypto alternate platforms:


Founded in 2017 and thought of the very best crypto buying and selling platform by many buyers, Binance gives a listing with tons of of currencies to select from, with the bonus of getting its personal pockets.

Trading charges:

  • 0.1 % spot buying and selling payment
  • 0.5 % prompt purchase/promote payment

  • Lower charges
  • Large number of currencies
  • Advanced charting

  • Not beginner-friendly
  • Not supported by some states
  • Fewer crypto-to-crypto foreign money pairs


With over 50 cryptocurrencies to commerce, some take into account Coinbase the very best platform to purchase cryptocurrency. And with sturdy safety and transparency, Coinbase makes it simpler for customers to purchase and promote crypto. This is a nice platform for crypto-only merchants who additionally wish to earn staking rewards.

Trading charges:

  • Coinbase: from 99 cents to $2.99
  • Coinbase Pro: as much as 0.5 %

  • Simple person interface
  • High liquidity
  • Good number of currencies

  • Higher charges
  • No management over pockets keys


Gemini gives over 40 cryptocurrencies and is a good platform for inexperienced persons in addition to avid merchants. Although it has a easy interface, Gemini additionally gives improve options and instruments for superior buying and selling. Launched in 2015, the platform is clear about its safety measures and shops the cryptocurrencies in an offline chilly storage system.

Trading charges:

  • 0.5 % comfort payment
  • 99 cents to $2.99 transaction payment and 1.49 % for trades over $200

  • Beginner-friendly
    Strong safety
    Available in all U.S. states


One of the oldest platforms, based in 2011, Kraken can be thought-about the most effective cryptocurrency exchanges. With over 60 cryptocurrencies and excessive cybersecurity rankings, Kraken additionally has comparatively low cost buying and selling charges and is nice for extra skilled merchants.

Trading charges:


  • Lower charges
  • Strong cybersecurity
  • Advanced buying and selling options


Offering greater than 300 totally different cryptocurrencies, KuCoin can be one of many largest cryptocurrency exchanges. With a easy platform, KuCoin makes buying and selling fairly simple, which could be nice for inexperienced persons, with extra options that additionally make it perfect for extra skilled customers.

Trading charges:

  • 0.1 % spot buying and selling payment
  • 0.5 % prompt purchase/promote payment

  • Lower charges
  • Simple to make use of
  • Large number of currencies


Bittrex is a nice platform for anybody trying for a giant number of cryptos — it gives over 190 of them. Founded in 2014, Bittrex believes safety is essential to a good alternate platform. It’s additionally user-friendly, making it a good platform for inexperienced persons.

Trading charges:

  • 0.25 % flat buying and selling payment

  • Beginner-friendly
  • Large number of currencies
  • Secure

  • High payment for low quantity trades

What to Look For When Picking a Cryptocurrency Exchange

Ultimately, everybody has their very own view of the very best place to purchase cryptocurrency. Whether you’ve made a choice otherwise you’re nonetheless deciding between a couple of choices, it’s necessary to know what to look for when selecting a cryptocurrency alternate earlier than committing to it.

Is It Accessible?

No matter the place you’re on this planet, you must take into account which cryptocurrency exchanges can be found in your nation in addition to the state rules. Looking on the platform web site or phrases of service might help you discover out if it’s accessible to you.

What Coins Are Offered?

It might come as a shock that many cryptocurrency exchanges don’t provide the entire cryptocurrencies on the market. New cash with smaller market caps is likely to be restricted to sure platforms. It’s a good concept to determine what cryptocurrencies you intend on shopping for beforehand, after which decide an alternate that provides them.

Are There Any Fees?

Although some folks lean towards the choice with decrease charges, it’s necessary to grasp what these charges are for and the way they’re charged. Sometimes a increased payment will offer you extra safety and make the method of exchanging cryptos simpler. You might come to seek out out that paying a increased payment may offer you a higher general expertise than a platform with a decrease payment.

Is It Secure?

One of the most important causes for selecting to make use of cryptocurrency is its safety, so selecting a safe platform is simply as necessary to maintain your cash secure. Some platforms will shield your digital foreign money with insurance coverage insurance policies in case of fraud or hacking. Take into consideration different safety features when selecting an alternate as effectively, resembling a two-factor authentication system. If you select to not go for one of many bigger exchanges, take into account that newer or smaller exchanges won’t have the very best safety measures.

Does It Have Liquidity?

One attribute of crypto exchanges that may be missed is whether or not they have liquidity. You wish to be sure you’re in a position to promote your cryptocurrency everytime you need and at the very best value. This requires the alternate to have sufficient commerce quantity, and infrequently the extra fashionable crypto exchanges can have increased liquidity.

What Are the Storage Options?

Whether you’re a newbie or have dipped your toes in crypto investing earlier than, it’s necessary to keep in mind the storage choices obtainable for that platform. Although there are conflicting choices between retaining your cryptos in your pockets or storing them within the platform, as a newbie, selecting an alternate that lets you maintain them inside the on-line account is a good possibility. Just be sure you’re allowed to take them off the alternate should you later resolve you wish to transfer them to your pockets.

Does It Provide Tax Information?

Just like investing in shares, everytime you make capital positive factors whereas buying and selling cryptocurrencies, it’s important to report it in your taxes. Some platforms offer you Form 1099-B, which tracks your positive factors and losses, making it simpler to file taxes afterward. Since taxes could be difficult, particularly for inexperienced persons, discovering a platform that gives you with that info could make submitting taxes much less tense.

Are There Any Extra Tools?

With so many crypto exchanges to select from, they’ll additionally differ in what sorts of additional instruments or advantages they may give you. Take into consideration how the platform works and the way it seems, in addition to if it’s straightforward to make use of and if it connects to your private funding monitoring app, such because the Mint app.

Bottom Line: Crypto Investing Begins With Educating Yourself

If you began studying this information questioning, “What is a cryptocurrency exchange?” Hopefully you now perceive what you ought to be trying for when selecting a platform. But it doesn’t cease there — investing in cryptocurrency could be a studying expertise that requires a lot of analysis. The market is all the time altering and the educational by no means stops, so ensuring you retain monitor of your funds could be a nice approach to have a constructive buying and selling expertise.


What is a Cryptocurrency Exchange

Sources: Investopedia | Time | BitDegree



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